In 1989, a British scientist at CERN, Tim Berners-Lee invented the world wide web to meet the demand for an automatic sharing of information among scientists in institutes and universities around the world. CERN is the European organization for Nuclear Research, or Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire in French. Founded in 1954, it is a research organization operating the world’s biggest laboratory of particle physics.
It was at CERN, where the world’s first website was at, hosted by the NeXT computer of Berners-Lee. Dedicated to the WWW project, the website described the fundamental features of the web, including the access of documents of other people and how to set up one’s own server. Berners-Lee’s NeXT’s which was at CERN was the first web server.
CERN put the WWW software in public domain on April 30, 1993. The next release came with an open license for maximum dissemination. The web flourished by making the web server freely available along with a library of codes and a basic browser.
From then on, the Internet has become dynamic, ever-changing and expanding. Several programmers, engineers and scientists developed new technologies and features which eventually composed the cyberspace or information superhighway.
Years before the existence of the Internet, many scientists already anticipated a network of information all over the world. In the early 1900s, Serbian-American inventor, physicist, mechanical and electrical engineer Nikola Tesla experimented with the world wireless system. In the 1930s and 1940s, visionary thinkers Vannevar Bush and Paul Otlet mechanized storage systems of media and books that were searchable.
In the early 1960s, Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider of MIT popularized the Intergalactic Network computer concept. After which computer scientists developed packet switching, an effective of electronic information transmission, which later became one of the Internet’s major building blocks.
In the late 1960s, the Internet’s first working prototype came in the form of Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. The ARPANET was funded by the United States Department of Defense. It applied packet switching to let multiple computers communicate on one network. It was all about time-sharing which made it possible for research entities to use the power of computers from other institutions with large calculations. More power was required when one’s facility may do the job better than the others.
In the spring of 1973, Robert Kahn visited Stanford and discussed with Vinton Cerf the issues of the interconnection of multiple non-identical packet networks. The two scientists then developed communications model Transmission Control Protocol and the Internet Protocol aka TCP/IP which set the standards of transmitting data among multiple networks. The model was adopted by ARPANET on January 1, 1983. From then on, researchers commenced assembling a network of networks which is the contemporary Internet.
The online world became more recognizable when Berners-Lee invented the world wide web. The web is the most common way of accessing data online through hyperlinks. It contributed to the popularity of the Internet among the public, a crucial step in the development of the massive information which is now a part of our daily lives.